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How is Nanotechnology Used In Agriculture?

Posted by : sudheer Rai / On : May 20, 2022

How is Nanotechnology Used In Agriculture?

Farming often abuses chemical fertilisers and insecticides. Mercury in solvants More food is needed as the world's population expands. Nanotechnology has improved crop yields and soil quality in sustainable agriculture. 

Many ways agriculture employs nanotechnology: Nanopesticides, Biofertilizer nanoparticles, etc. They can promptly detect phytopathogens and other plant stressors. Pesticides pollute surface and ground water. They kill soil microorganisms, insects and other animals. Considering all of the foregoing, the ecology is gravely impacted. 

Nanoparticles in Agriculture

Agriculture uses nanoparticles extensively. Today's most often utilised nanoparticles are:

  1. Nanoparticles

Polymeric nanoparticles enable precise agrochemical application. These polymeric nanoparticles are non-target. 

  1. Plastic nanoparticles

Plastic nanoparticles in agriculture Elgin, lactide/co-glycolide, and epsilon caprolactone (-glutamic acid). 

  1. Nano-silver

Silver nanoparticles can kill germs. They also help plants flourish. 

  1. Nanosilicates

Pesticides include nanoaluminosilic acid. 

  1. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Their use in water filtering is non-toxic. 

  1. Nanocarbons

Graphene and fullerene improve seed germination. Zinc oxide, copper oxide, and magnetic nanoparticles are used in agriculture. 

With nanotechnology, additional plant kinds can be grown.

Pesticides and herbicides have increased crop productivity. Organic and inorganic nanoparticles are in nanoherbicides. Herbicides have many uses. Polymer nanoparticles with atrazine (epsiloncaprolactone). Atrazine effectively restricts species by limiting gene impact and soil mobility. 

Nanomedicines

Every year, fungi, bacteria, and viruses ravage agriculture. Antimicrobial nanoparticles can help you stay healthy. They are fungi. Fungicides made of copper or nickel ferrite nanoparticles. Tomato, potato, and alfalfa mosaic viruses can be treated with these nanoparticles 

Nanofertilizers

A nanotechnology-based intelligent nutrient delivery system was developed. Plants in need of nutrients were helped. These nanoparticles help plants absorb nutrients, increasing crop output. Desert farmers could grow more millet and cluster beans with nanophosphorus fertilisers. A phosphate and salt chitosan solution improved crop development. 

Nanotechnology plants seeds.

The seed quality influences crop development. Carbon nanotubes may speed up tomato seed germination. Soybean and corn sprouting were aided by multiwall nanotubes Several nanotherapies aid plant development. 

Nanobiosensors

But nanobiosensors are precise and selective. A microprocessor generates electricity from cell function. Insects, insecticides, toxins, and heavy metal pollution can all be detected by these sensors. Soil nutrition and food quality can be tracked. 

Agricultural nanotechnology options Eco-friendly farming methods using nanotechnology:

  • Creating green nanoparticles
  • Mycorrhizal fungi and root endophytes
  • Nanoparticles in plants investigating nanoparticles' environmental harm A portable nanobiosensor for soil and pesticide analysis is being developed.

 Consider these policy suggestions for a more long-term sustainable agriculture:

  • creating specialised nanoparticle safety assessment organisations
  • Clarify nanoparticle system monitoring and evaluation parameters.
  • Water contains nanoparticles.
  • Researchers must work together more to strengthen the research system.
  • To solve agricultural concerns, farmers need be educated. 

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